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Welcoming Dr. David Spence to Our Practice!

david GSP UID 8e6ca6e4 7743 4e3e b9f9 91cd8142ce68Dr. David Spence split his youth in North York and Thornhill, Ontario, and is a product of the Toronto Catholic District School Board. Before graduating from the University of the Incarnate Word Optometry School, he assisted ophthalmologists for a decade. He has completed national boards in Canada and USA.

His main focus is helping patients understand their vision, pre- and post-operative care, refractive surgery, and multifocal contact lenses.

Dr. Spence is an avid reader, pianist and cyclist. Besides Toronto sports teams, Netflix is his biggest vice. He cherishes leisure time with his wife and son in Grimsby, Ontario.

Top 4 Eyecare Tips for Summer Vacation

This summer, whether you’re headed across state lines on a family road trip, flying off to Europe, grabbing a quick weekend getaway, or taking a vacation in your own backyard, don’t forget to protect your eyes!

Summer Eye Care Near You

Check out our top 4 tips for ensuring healthy eyes this summer, and remember, your eye doctor is here to help make the most out of your vision. Dr. Pink Sidhu sees patients from all over the York, Toronto area. Let us give you the top-quality eye care you and your family deserve, not only during the summer, but all year long.

  1. Don’t Leave Home Without It

If you have a chronic illness and need to head out of town for a few days, you would never leave home without your medications, right? That’s because you know that if something happens and your meds aren’t with you, you could suffer discomfort or complications to your health.

The same is true for your vision. If you suffer from dry eyes, make sure to take artificial tears or medicated eye drops with you when you travel. Preservative-free eye drops are a traveler’s friend. They’re also available as individual strips, which are recommended since there’s less risk of contamination.

Running low on disposable contact lenses? Include an extra pair in your carry-on suitcase and stock up on new lenses ahead of time. If you wear eyeglasses, bring a spare set and a copy of your prescription along with you, just in case they get lost or broken.

We recommend speaking to Dr. Pink Sidhu before you leave for vacation to make sure your vision needs are all set.

  1. It’s Getting Hot Outside

Usually, most people think of protecting their skin from sunburns when they’re at the beach, by the pool, or just spending time outdoors.

Did you know that your eyes can get sunburned, too?

This happens when the cornea is exposed to excessive UV rays. When the sclera (the white part of your eye) looks red, that’s a sign that you’ve got sunburned eyes. You might also notice symptoms like a sudden sensitivity to light, or your eyes may feel like something is stuck in them, or they could feel sore.

The best way to prevent sunburned eyes? Always wear sunglasses with 100% of UVA and UVB light blocking protection.

  1. Watch Out for the Pool

Swimming is one of summer’s greatest pastimes. There’s nothing quite like a dip in a pool or ocean to cool off from the sweltering summer heat. While you’re slicing through the water, remember to protect your eyes.

Remove contacts before going swimming, wear goggles while underwater, and rinse your eyes with cold water when you get out of the pool (it helps get the chlorine or salt out). If your eyes feel dry or scratchy after a swim, use some moisturizing eye drops to lubricate your eyes.

  1. Back to School is Sooner Than You Think

Your kids will be back in school before you know it. Help them prepare for the upcoming school year by scheduling an eye exam now. If they need new glasses because their prescription has changed or your teen simply wants a new look for the new school year, come in to Pink Sidhu and Associates for a consultation and take a look at the newest selection of frames and contact lenses.

Have you had a sudden eye injury or emergency while on vacation? Don’t wait until you’re back home to handle it — seek immediate care today. Certain eye injuries can damage your vision or lead to ulcers, so if you notice symptoms like redness, eye pain, changes to your vision, or flashing light, contact your eye doctor right away.

At Pink Sidhu and Associates, we put your family’s needs first. Talk to us about how we can help you maintain healthy vision this summer and throughout the year.

Cataract Awareness Month

June is Cataract Awareness Month. During this important time, people living with cataracts (and their loved ones) are encouraged to talk about their personal experiences by giving each other helpful information and sharing their knowledge and advice. Use the hashtag #CataractAwarenessMonth on your social media channels to encourage and support others.

Did you know that over 3.5 million Canadians are blind from cataracts, making it one of the most common – and serious – eye conditions today. Dr Pink Sidhu and associates treats cataract patients from all over North York and East York with the newest and most effective methods of eye care.

With millions of people living with the condition, it’s now more important than ever to bring awareness to this serious condition.

What Are Cataracts?

So what exactly are cataracts?

The lens of the eye is normally clear, which allows you to see things clearly and in sharp detail. Over time, the lens can become cloudy, causing blurry vision. It’s as if you’re looking through a dirty window and can’t really see what’s outside. This clouding of the lens is called a cataract, and it can affect one or both of your eyes.

What Causes Cataracts?

Aging is the most common cause of cataracts. The lens of your eye contains water and proteins. As you age, these proteins can clump together, and when that happens, the normally clear lens becomes cloudy.

Did you know that certain types of major eye surgeries and infections can trigger cataracts? Other issues that can lead to cataracts include congenital birth defects, eye injury, diseases, and even various kinds of medications. If you’re already developing cataracts, be careful when going outside. UV rays from the sun can make cataracts develop faster.

How Can I Lower My Risk of Cataracts?

Certain risk factors increase your chance of developing cataracts. These typically include:

  • Diabetes
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Family and medical history
  • Medications
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • UV ray exposure

To lower your risk, consider reducing your alcohol intake, quit smoking, start an exercise program, eat foods rich in vitamin A and C, and wear 100% UV blocking sunglasses.

Common Symptoms of Cataracts

If you have cataracts, you may experience some common symptoms like:

  • Blurry vision
  • Colors that used to be bright now appear dim
  • Double vision
  • Glare from natural sunlight or from artificial light, like light bulbs and lamps
  • Halos around lights
  • Night vision problems
  • Sensitivity to light

If you or a family member notice any of these signs, talk to Dr. Pink Sidhu right away. The sooner you seek treatment, the faster we can help you get back to clear vision.

Coping With Cataracts

If you’re experiencing vision problems from cataracts, there is hope. If you have a mild case, a combination of a different eyeglass prescription and better lighting in your home, office, or other environment can improve your vision. In more advanced cases, your optometrist will likely recommend cataract surgery to remove the cloudy lens and replace it with a clear one.

Do I Need Cataract Surgery?

Cataract surgery is one of the most common procedures today. In fact, the American Academy of Ophthalmology estimates that 2 million people undergo the procedure each year.

During the procedure, the doctor will gently remove the cataract from the eye and replace it with an artificial intraocular lens (known as an IOL). Because it’s a common procedure, cataract surgery is usually performed in an outpatient clinic or in your eye doctor’s office. There is no need to stay in a hospital and you can usually resume your normal activities in just a few days.

If you’ve exhausted every other solution and still suffer from blurry vision from cataracts, surgery may be an option. Schedule a consultation online or call pink sidhu and associates to book an eye doctor’s appointment at 1-833-237-7465 and together, we’ll determine if cataract surgery is right for you.

During this Cataract Awareness Month, share your stories and successes, and give your loved ones hope for a healthy and high quality of life.

Parkinson's Awareness Month and Your Vision

April is Parkinson’s Awareness Month in the USA and Canada, a time when those living with the disorder, their family members, friends, and community come together to raise awareness and share helpful information. People with Parkinson’s Disease (PD) and their loved ones are encouraged to share their stories, struggles, and successes in order to educate and support others.

The Parkinson’s Foundation has announced this year’s theme: #KeyToPD and Parkinson Canada advocates the same involvement. What is the key to living a high quality of life while living with Parkinson’s? Patients, doctors, caregivers, and families are encouraged to use this hashtag on social media to give of their knowledge and experience.

In order to successfully manage the disorder, it’s essential to understand the disease, symptoms, and treatments. After all, knowledge is power.

What is Parkinson’s Disease?

Parkinson’s Disease is a neurological disorder that affects the brain’s ability to control physical movement. It typically affects middle aged people and the elderly. Parkinson’s causes a decrease in the brain’s natural levels of dopamine, which normally aids nerve cells in passing messages within the brain. According to The Parkinson’s Foundation and Statistics Canada, the disorder affects an estimated 1 million people in the United States, 55 000 Canadians, and 10 million globally.

What Causes Parkinson’s Disease?

Although much research has been done on the subject, the exact cause of the disease isn’t really known. What doctors and scientists do know is that certain nerve cells located in the brain somehow break down. This damage interferes with both motor and non-motor functions.

How Does Parkinson’s Affect Vision?

Parkinson’s can have a significant impact on vision and ocular health. Patients with PD often find themselves unable to control blinking. Blinking is good for the eyes as it moisturizes the surface and clears it from foreign substances. Less blinking can cause Dry Eye Syndrome, resulting in itchy, red, or gritty-feeling eyes. Other people blink too much or can’t keep their eyes open. 

In more serious cases, Parkinson’s affects the nerves that help us see. Someone with PD may experience blurry vision, double vision, difficulty seeing color and contrast, problems with focus, and other visual symptoms. 

In addition to the inherent impact of the disease, some of the medications used to treat Parkinson’s symptoms have known side effects including dry eyes, blurred eyesight and even hallucinations in advanced PD.

Common Visual Symptoms of Parkinson’s

Although the most recognized physical symptom is uncontrollable tremors, patients can experience other symptoms that affect their vision. These typically include:

  • Apraxia (inability to open the eyelids) 
  • Blurry or double vision
  • Difficulty with balance
  • Dry eyes
  • Eye twitching
  • Focusing problems

Parkinson’s Patients and Eye Exams

Eye exams can be particularly challenging for a PD patient, so choosing the right doctor is essential. Make sure your eye doctor regularly treats patients with PD. They’ll understand your or your loved ones’ unique needs and will take the time needed.

Common Non-Visual Symptoms of Parkinson’s

PD affects other areas of the body that may or may not – depending on each patient – be related to their eye health and visual needs. 

Some of the most common non-visual symptoms are:

  • Depression
  • Excessive saliva
  • Loss of smell
  • Moodiness
  • Muscle cramps
  • Sleep disturbance
  • Slow movement (bradykinesia)
  • Stiff limbs
  • Tremors

Coping With Vision Problems From Parkinson’s

Despite the struggles caused by this degenerative disease, there is hope. Talk to your eye doctor. He or she may recommend medicated ointments or drops, injections, therapeutic lenses, visual aids, vision therapy, or a combination thereof. Additionally, a Neuro-Optometric Rehabilitation doctor can provide comprehensive eye care specifically designed for neurological disorders like PD.

Treatment for Parkinson’s Disease

There is currently no cure for the disease itself, but there are options to treat the symptoms of PD. A combination of medications, physical and/or occupational therapy, support groups, and of course, top-quality vision care can give a PD patient relief for some of their symptoms and tools to help cope with the condition.

Research and clinical trials are continuing as doctors and others in the medical community work towards the goal of finding a cure for PD.

No two patients are alike, and each can experience PD differently from the other, so finding what works for you or your loved one is key. During this Parkinson’s Awareness Month, share your #KeyToPD and give your loved ones hope for a healthy and high quality of life.

Women's Health and Your Vision

March 8th is International Women’s Day, a day when women are honored and their accomplishments celebrated worldwide. From medicine to law, entrepreneurship to corporate leadership, education to the military, women are achieving great strides in areas of business like never before.

In addition to professional achievements, International Women’s Day is a time for women to focus inwards on their personal goals, relationships, and health. From the adolescent years to pregnancy, childbirth, and menopause, women’s bodies go through some major changes that can affect many areas of their health, especially their vision.

Age Is Just a Number, But Not For Your Vision

They say that ‘age is just a number’, but when it comes to women’s health, it’s essential to pay close attention to any signs of changing vision as we get older.

Women over 40 have a higher risk of developing eye disease, impaired vision, and blindness than men. They are more likely to develop eye conditions such as Cataracts, Diabetic Retinopathy, and Dry Eye Syndrome. In fact, 61% of Glaucoma patients and 65% of Age-Related Macular Degeneration patients are female, so it’s crucial that women know the risk factors and signs of developing these conditions.

Put Your Needs First

Women are typically the family caretakers, running a spouse, children, or elderly parents to the doctor, putting their own healthcare needs last. It’s time to put your eye care needs first. Don’t ignore symptoms or push them off for another day. Take care of yourself, and you’ll be able to continue being there for others.

Signs and Risk Factors of Vision Problems

Knowing what to look out for is a crucial step in keeping your eyes healthy and enjoying great vision.

Genetics often play a key role in many health issues. Just like people inherit eye color and shape, hair color and texture, and facial features from parents, vision difficulties or diseases can also be hereditary. If something runs in the family, you may be more susceptible to developing it and passing it on to your children, as well.

Pregnancy can temporarily affect a woman’s vision. This is due to the hormonal changes in the body, which typically stabilize after breastfeeding has stopped. A pregnant woman with diabetes must be closely monitored, since diabetic retinopathy (swelling or leaking of blood vessels in the retina) can progress more quickly during the pregnancy.

Climate and environment are also important factors when it comes to eye health. Extremely cold or hot climates can cause dry eye symptoms. A healthy amount of sun exposure is good for the skin, but an excessive amount can harm your eyes and even lead to vision loss. Smoking dehydrates the skin and can lead to eye bags and dark circles, not to mention a whole slew of serious eye diseases like cataracts, macular degeneration, glaucoma, and diabetic eye disease. 

Symptoms of Declining Vision and Eye Conditions

Some of the most common signs of declining vision or eye disease include:

  • Blind spots
  • Blurry or distorted vision
  • Burning sensation
  • Gritty feeling
  • Itchy eyes
  • Redness
  • Shadows or dark spots on an image
  • Stinging
  • Swelling or soreness in the eye
  • Watery eyes

If you or a loved one experiences any of these symptoms, or if you feel like something just isn’t right with your eyes, speak with your eye doctor right away. Mention any other conditions or medications you may be taking, including birth control pills (a known contributor to Dry Eye Syndrome), and even natural supplements or vitamins. Other factors such as an irregular menstrual cycle, fertility treatments, or cosmetic procedures may impact your vision in ways you may be unaware of, so disclosing this to your doctor is important.

What Can You Do to Improve Your Eye Health?

There are some preventative measures that women can take to ensure their eye health and overall vision are at their best.

  1. Keep that body hydrated! Mothers always say it, doctors remind us too, and they’re right. Drinking 8 glasses of water daily is great for your skin and can prevent dry eye symptoms from forming.
  2. Quit smoking. Not only is it bad for your lungs, but it can cause eye problems, like dryness, itchiness, and swelling, as well as more serious eye diseases associated with vision loss.
  3. Love the outdoors? Wear UV-blocking sunglasses when you’re at the beach or even hanging out in your backyard, to protect against harmful sun rays. Polarized lenses are a great way to shield your eyes from strong glare.
  4. Eat healthy. A balanced diet including a variety of vitamin-rich fruits and vegetables may help protect you from several eye conditions including dry eyes, macular degeneration, and even diabetic retinopathy.
  5. Try to get more shut-eye. A healthy amount of sleep ensures your eyes are rested and clear the next day.

On this International Women’s Day, let’s work together to keep the women in our lives healthy for many years to come.

Top Five Things To Look For When Hiring An Optometrist

With the advent of the digital age, many people have begun to suffer from poor vision due to the continuous strain smartphones and screens put on their eyes. Similarly, there are multiple eye diseases with minute symptoms and signs that go unnoticed until it’s too late.

To prevent your sight from weakening on account of these aspects, it’s vital to visit an optometrist regularly. They can closely examine your eyes and the blood vessels within to detect simple eye problems, as well as severe diseases like glaucoma, tumors, and cancer.

If you’re looking for an optometrist, picking one from the long list of available options can be quite a task. To help you ensure that you have set an appointment with a skilled and knowledgeable professional, here’s a list of the top five things to look for when hiring an optometrist.

1. Competence.

Your eyes are delicate sensory organs, so you don’t want a doctor who isn’t competent to treat them. An optometrist must have the skill to accurately diagnose you, treat you, and refer you to a specialist if they notice any signs of specific ailments or disorders beyond their specialty.

2. Comprehensive examinations.

An optometrist must have complete knowledge of their field to perform a comprehensive eye examination. Thorough examinations enable them to detect diseases and disorders like glaucoma, cataract, retinal detachment, and other issues with your eyes.

3. Transparent communication.

Choose an optometrist that you’re comfortable talking to and can discuss your symptoms with. They should be able to answer all your questions regarding your condition, and the procedures suggested for your diagnosis and treatments. They must be honest about your situation, and whether it is treatable through simple prescriptions or needs serious attention.

4. Experience.

Working with an experienced optometrist helps you detect early signs of eyesight problems. Also, experienced eye specialist will be able to diagnose you correctly and begin immediate treatments to prevent your sight troubles from worsening.

5. Share similar values.

The optometrists you select, should believe in the same values as you. Be sure your doctor can discuss natural means or treatment vs pharmacological options to be in line with your personal belief system and lifestyle goals. If you prefer customized services, you need to choose a specialist who can provide these services. It’s the best way to ensure satisfaction and complete care.

If you’re looking for Toronto’s best optometrists, reach out to Optometrists P Sidhu & Associates. Our eye specialists provide professional eye care services across Brampton, Vaughan, Markham, East York, North York, Scarborough, York, Etobicoke, Toronto, and the GTA. We offer advanced professional eye care with state of the art technology and highly experienced optometrists and staff. Moreover, we provide each of our clients with a unique, comprehensive eye care experience that suits their individual needs.

To learn more about what we have to offer, please click here. To get in touch with us, please click here.

What's in Your Household Cleaning Supplies?

Most of us have the basics: bleach, oven cleaner, air freshener, furniture polish, and window spray. Did you know that chemicals found in these kinds of cleaning products can be toxic and harmful to your health? In small amounts, they generally don’t cause much damage. But when used on a regular basis or in a poorly ventilated area, the level of toxicity rises.

If you’ve ever gotten a headache or developed watery eyes after scrubbing down your kitchen counters, you may have a sensitivity to the chemicals in your household products.

That Burns

Volatile Organic Compounds

Volatile Organic Compounds, or VOCs, are gases that are released into the atmosphere, usually from burning fuel sources like wood or gasoline. They can also be found in many household products such as degreasers, aerosol sprays, and disinfectants. These gases are released not only during use, but also when kept in storage or transported between locations.

VOCs are generally less harmful when released outdoors, as the gases are absorbed into the atmosphere. However, in an indoor environment, the gases have 10 times the concentration!

People may come into contact with these compounds by breathing them in or through direct contact with their skin, which can lead to any of the following symptoms:

  • Headaches
  • Dizziness
  • Respiratory problems
  • Nausea
  • Impaired coordination (ie. difficulty walking straight, buttoning a shirt, or holding a pen)
  • Eye problems (ie. itching, burning, redness, or soreness in the eyes)

Other Chemical Irritants

Chemicals like sodium hydroxide can be found in oven and drain cleaners. Air fresheners and leather cleaners may contain formaldehyde, which in high amounts, has been linked to certain types of cancer. Even laundry detergents and stain removers can contain irritants.

If you’ve been exposed to these types of chemicals, you may experience trouble breathing, irritation in the eyes, nose or throat, or develop a skin rash. So, use extra caution when handling these kinds of cleaning supplies.

If your job exposes you to higher levels of chemicals from cleaning products, such as janitorial staff or sanitation workers, artificial tears and protective eyewear can help. Use them daily to give you relief from chemical agents that irritate the eyes. Ask your optometrist about which types are best for you.

Immediate Eye Care

Should your eyes come into contact with chemical substances or VOCs, immediately irrigate your eyes with plenty of cold water. Tilt your head so that the exposed eye is down, to avoid flushing the chemical into the good eye, and avoid rubbing your eyes. Rinse your eyes for 15 minutes – this will flush acidic or alkaline chemicals out of the affected areas. This should be your first line of defense, even before calling a doctor. 

If you have saline solution or contact lens solution readily on hand (non-peroxide only), administer several drops of solution to the affected eyes. Contact your eye doctor or, if need be, visit an emergency room. Chemical burns can cause serious damage to the cornea, so schedule a checkup with your eye doctor as soon as possible.

5 Ways to Lower Your Risk of Chemical Exposure

Despite the potential harm to your health, there are some things you can do to minimize over exposure to these dangerous chemicals.

1. Wash Your Hands

Our mothers always said it, and with good reason. The #1 way to lower your risk of health issues from chemicals is to wash your hands after handling cleaning products. Use warm water and soap and be sure to wash the hands thoroughly, even if you used gloves. Consider washing to your upper arms in case of a splash or splatter, such as from paint or aerosol sprays. 

2. Don’t Rub Your Eyes

Avoid touching or rubbing your eyes until your hands have been completely washed and are clear of any lingering chemical substances. Even a little foreign substance in the eye can be incredibly painful. If you’ve ever had an eyelash stuck in your eye, you know what we mean. So just imagine how severe the pain could be if you accidentally touched your eye after contact with bleach or glass cleaner.

3. Go Outside

Get some fresh air. If you feel dizzy or nauseous, if your eyes burn or you have trouble breathing after using cleaning supplies, go outside. A short walk in the fresh air can quickly open the nasal passages and clear your eyes from strong chemical vapors.

4. Open Some Windows

Make sure there is plenty of ventilation when cleaning or using any chemicals like paint. Open windows or turn some fans on to circulate the air more effectively.

5. Read Labels

Read labels and warnings so you know what’s in the cleaners you’re buying and how to use them safely. Consider trying out some natural cleaning supplies that don’t contain VOCs.

About “Green” Cleaning Products

In recent years, so-called “green” products have made their way onto store shelves, but just how green are they, and are they safer than standard ones?

While baking soda and vinegar have long been touted and praised for their cleaning abilities, there is a seeming plethora of new natural disinfectants and general cleaners on the market.

Buzzwords to Look out For

There are some buzzwords you can look out for, which are clues that certain products may not be as natural or as safe as you think. Consumer product manufacturers aren’t required by law to disclose the ingredients in artificial fragrances, so labels may simply list “fragrance” on their ingredient list. Items labeled “natural” are also vague; they don’t have to be specified, and not all natural items are necessarily safe. However, if something is listed as “flammable”, that’s a pretty sure sign of a chemical ingredient.

Chemicals & You

Simply being aware of your body’s reaction to the everyday cleaning supplies in your home is the first step. Use these items safely and with caution. For any severe eye pain – especially if you notice any vision changes – talk to your eye doctor right away.

Get An Optical Coherence Tomography Test At Optometrist P Sidhu & Associates

Many times, vision and eye problems have no apparent symptoms or signs, and without periodic eye examinations, you may be unaware of the obscure issues that exist. While a routine eye test may suggest your eyes are healthy, devices such as Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) can readily identify minute changes in your eye that could drastically affect your vision. An OCT test will not only reveal retinal diseases but will also prevent it from progressing into something more severe.

This piece of equipment enables optometrists to provide a more thorough record of the health of your retina. At Optometrists P Sidhu & Associates, we can observe the condition of the inside of the eye by taking cross-sectional scans through the eye, similar to an MRI scan.

Benefits of an OCT scan.

The most significant advantage an OCT scan is that it is a layer by layer investigation which assists in early detection and monitoring of preexisting conditions such as glaucoma, retinal diseases, macular diseases, holes, thinning, optic nerve diseases, macular degeneration, and diabetic retinopathy. As the results are in ultra-high resolution, optometrists can quickly and accurately diagnose eye diseases.

We can also store your eyecare information to allow for future comparison of results. An OCT is a great tool to baseline your complete ocular health history. This test is particularly important with patients who have a personal or family history of systemic conditions such as diabetics, hypertension, retina problems, floaters, flashing of lights, finishing vision, macular degeneration, cataracts or taking certain medications.

What happens during an OCT exam?

The test is non-invasive, painless and only takes a few minutes. In some cases, an optometrist may need to dilate your pupil using eye drops to increase access into the eye.

After your pupils are dilated, you will need to be seated in front of the OCT machine and rest your head and chin on rests (this ensures limited motion during the scan). The equipment will do the rest.

Looking for an OCT scan? Visit Optometrists P Sidhu & Associates website to learn more or contact us today by booking an appointment for your OCT test. If you want to visit our office or take a closer look at our equipment, our address is 42 Overlea Blvd, Toronto, Ontario.

At Optometrists P Sidhu & Associates, our OCT test is built into the comprehensive eye examination package which most of our patients choose. Moreover, our optometrists’ experience combined with our advanced technology will ensure a detailed eye examination and a unique eye care experience to all our clients.

To view our complete list of diagnostic tests, please click here.

Glossary of Eyesight Conditions

Every industry has its own language and terms. These words and phrases can be confusing to anyone who is not part of the daily operations of a specific industry, and the optometry field is no exception.

To help you understand the regularly used eye and vision conditions, we’ve created this handy reference guide. Here you’ll find valuable information allowing you to comprehend and communicate your eye care needs.


This means people are nearsighted and have trouble seeing objects at a distance.


Hyperopia or farsightedness is when people struggle to see nearby objects.


This phenomenon refers to the inability to see up close and usually takes place after the age of forty.


This is a type of refractive error. Those with astigmatism will have trouble seeing small print at far and near distances.


These numbers are commonly used to refer to a perfect eye. This is the way an optometrist will record the vision potential.


Amblyopia is also called lazy eye. It is when an eye fails to see the 20/20 line. There are many reasons for this vision disorder to occur; an eye turn is one possible cause.


A cataract develops when a film appears on an eye’s natural lens. Typically it’s an age-related change and frequently found among the senior population. However, medications, trauma and certain systemic conditions can also cause a cataract at any age.


Glaucoma is an irreversible condition of the optic nerve and can lead to blindness. It cannot be cured, but it can be managed with intervention ( drops, surgery or a combination of both)


Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is a non-invasive equipment piece that examines the retina and optic nerve and macula in cross-sections.


Keratoconus is a condition in which the cornea is irregularly conical in shape, and consequently, a patient feels blurred in vision.


It is a lens design which allows patients to be hands-free with their glasses and provides clear vision at all distances with a seamless transition between the near, far and middle zone.

Visual field.

This is a subjective type of test that investigates the central or peripheral field of view with different intensities of lights used as targets presented.

If you’re looking for professional eye care services in East York, Toronto, reach out Optometrists P Sidhu & Associates. We serve the optometric needs of families across Brampton, Vaughan, Markham, North York, Scarborough, York, Etobicoke, Toronto, and the GTA. Before performing any eye exam procedure, we complete a few diagnostic tests.

A Beginner’s Guide To Purchasing Eyeglasses

Whether your eyesight condition has deteriorated over the years or you need an upgrade from your old spectacles, shopping for eyeglasses is a task that should not be taken lightly. With the endless choices today, it has become difficult to find a pair of eyeglasses that not only provides optimum fit but also reflects your personality.

At Optometrists P Sidhu & Associates, we often meet clients who want to buy new eyeglasses but are apprehensive about it and do not know how to go about it. They do not have professional guidance and mainly rely on relevant content found over the internet. As experts in the eye care industry, we have put together this guide to help you become informed consumers when purchasing eyeglasses.

Getting Started

Determine the intended purpose: Before buying eyeglasses, it is always a good idea for you to identify the reason for purchase. Are you buying glasses for near or far-sighted vision? Will you be using it professionally or privately? Do you want a specific frame? Answering such questions will help you understand what your ideal glasses should be.

Do some research: After you define the purpose, you can do a quick Google search and gain insight into the different glasses and lenses available in the market. Also, reading and staying up to date with the latest options will help narrow down your choices.

Seek professional help: While research will provide you with basic information, it is only with an optometrist that you will be able to make an informed decision. They consider several factors to ensure you find suitable glasses that not only give you clear vision but also make you look good. Some of the things they look into are measurement, lens material, adjustment, and so on.

The Next Step

Hire a qualified optometrist: It is critical to find a licensed optometrist or optician as they give you the appropriate prescription for your eyes and recommend frames and lenses based on your budget and lifestyle.

Do not make the mistake of missing an optometrist’s appointment, following an outdated prescription or falling for an online deal. This can be dangerous as a wrong lens can seriously impair your vision. The best way to maintain good eyesight is by regularly visiting an eye doctor. If you are a first-time buyer, it is advisable to first get recommendations from friends and family.

Advice From The Pros

Go for an eye test: When you notice a change in your vision, this is the first sign that you need an eye check-up. Often, people skip the eye test and jump straight to the buying stage. However, an eye test will rule out the possibility of more serious problems which may need correction in the future.

Therefore, before you commit to purchasing eyeglasses, schedule an appointment with an optometrist who has the necessary equipment and qualification to test the strength of your vision.

For top optometrists in East York, Toronto, get in touch with Optometrists P Sidhu & Associates. Our experienced and attentive optometrists coupled with advanced technology give us a competitive advantage. In addition to the range of professional eye care services that we provide, we complete diagnostic tests before performing any exam procedure. We also offer customized treatments to our clients and make sure they receive a unique, comprehensive eye care experience.



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