Myopia (nearsightedness) is occurring in children more frequently, at a younger age and to a greater degree than ever before. Unfortunately, childhood myopia leads to a high prescription come adulthood, resulting in thick glasses or a dependence on contact lenses.
How Does Myopia Control Work?
Myopia may increase as a result of an elongated eye, where the focal point falls in front of the retina. This is often genetic. Another cause of myopia progression is visual fatigue and stress on the eye from too much near activity and not enough time outdoors. This is the likely cause of the increase in incidence of childhood myopia abundantly seen today. Myopia control treatments exercise the eye muscles, allowing for small changes to the eye’s overall structure or focusing process to reduce eye strain. Myopia control is a type of physical therapy for your child’s eyes and is designed to slow down the progression of myopia. Early intervention is crucial to keeping the prescription from climbing, preserving your child’s uncorrected distance vision.Dr Pink sidhu and Associates offers a variety of myopia control treatments for your family. For more information about myopia control request an appointment for your child today.
We Use 3 Methods
Distance glasses are the most common treatment for childhood myopia. Although they will improve your child’s distance vision and allow them to see the blackboard in school or the television, they can actually make it harder for your child’s eyes to focus on things close up, causing strain. Multifocal glasses and contact lenses, have different corrective powers throughout the lens, allowing your child to see clearly at distance with a lesser power at near to alleviate eye strain or visual fatigue. This in turn prevents their prescription from increasing too quickly. lenses
Myopia Control Specialty lenses
Hoya Mysmart Dimms Technology
Low-dose atropine eye drops are another form of myopia control for children, recommended by Dr. Pink Sidhu and Associates. These drops are administered to your child on a daily basis to reduce eye strain and slow the progression of myopia. The drops temporarily reduce the eye’s ability to focus at near, relaxing the eyes and controlling myopia. Side effects include slightly dilated pupils.
It’s almost back to school time for college students and whether this is your first time away from home or you are already a pro, you want to be prepared with as much knowledge as possible to live safely on your own. This knowledge includes eye and vision safety, as failing to take care of your eyes today could cause damage to your eyes and vision now and in the future.
So put down your textbooks for a second and learn these four simple lessons about protecting your precious eyes.
Blue Light Protection
College students spend a lot of time in front of screens. From each class, homework assignment, and research project, to texting, dating apps and watching Netflix and gaming – life is largely digital.
This comes with a slew of potential side effects known as computer vision syndrome, including sore and tired eyes, headaches, neck, shoulder and back pain, dry eyes and blurred vision, largely due to the effect of the blue light emitted from the screens. The additional computer usage also increases dry eye symptoms. Studies show that blue light can also impact your sleep quality and may possibly be connected to the development of retinal damage and macular degeneration later in life.
You must always protect your eyes and vision from blue light and computer vision syndrome, and here’s how you do it:
- Use computer glasses or blue-light blocking coated lenses or contact lenses when working on a screen for long periods of time. These lenses are made to allow optimal visual comfort for the distance and unique pixelation of working on a computer or mobile screen, by reducing glare and eye strain. They also block potentially harmful blue-light radiation from entering your eyes.
- Prescription glasses may be considered as well. Many students who never needed glasses previously experience eyestrain with extensive hours studying in university. A minor prescription can make a big difference in reducing eye fatigue and helping to improve concentration. See our clinic Pink Sidhu and Associates for your eyecare needs.
- Although there is no clinical support for the 20-20-20 rule, Implementing the 20-20-20 rule by taking a break every 20 minutes to look at something 20 feet away for 20 seconds allows your eyes to have a healthy medium between work and rest for your eyes from the intensity of the computer screen.
- Depending on your environment, eye drops, and other dry eye services and products can be prescribed from the eye doctor to assist with dry eye syndrome that often accompanies increased screen time. Did you know that your blink rate often goes down substantially when you are concentrating on reading or computer work, thus exasperating dry eye symptoms? Have you tried eyedrops that just never seem to work? Come see Dr. Pink Sidhu and associates to discuss a personalized dry eye treatment plan for you. Did you know that 80% of dry eye sufferers have some form or meibomian gland dysfunction?
Our clinic offers treatment and management to tackle your dry eye symptoms stemming from this dysfunction. This may include meibomian gland expression. You may read more about our dry eye services in our dry eye clinic tab.
We have discussed vision correction, computer strain, dry eye, and blue block lenses. Let’s now talk about proper contact lens use.
Many college students opt for contact lenses as they are convenient and great for cosmesis and another means of vision correction, but they come along with responsibility.
The busy days and late nights can sometimes make contact lens care difficult. You must follow your eye doctor’s instructions for proper care.
Speak to Dr. Pink and Associates about your contact lens interest today. Always follow the wearing schedule and never sleep in lenses that are not designed for extended wear.
Clean and disinfect as needed, and don’t rinse them with anything other than contact lens solution. No, saliva is not safe for your contact lens, yet many students will admit they do it.
Failing to follow the proper use and hygiene for contact lenses can result in irritation, infections and even corneal scarring which can result in vision reduction and/ or vision loss.
One-day disposable lenses can be a great option especially for college students as they offer ultimate convenience (no cleaning and storing) and optimal eye health.
Further, if you enjoy wearing contact lenses, then remember to get a proper fit from your eye doctor. Many “exclusive” contact lenses available online may actually be poorly fit and made from inferior materials. Contrary to popular belief, one size does not fit all.
Lastly, let’s talk about sun protection and UV Protection.
Ultraviolet rays from the sun are known to cause long term eye damage and lead to vision-threatening eye conditions such as macular degeneration and cataracts. Additionally, in extreme cases of unprotected UV exposure, you can get sunburned eyes, known as photokeratitis, which can cause a gritty, dry feeling, burning, swelling, light sensitivity, vision changes, and sometimes serious pain. These symptoms typically go away within a day or two.
Wearing 100% UV reflective sunglasses whenever you are outside – rain or shine – is the first step to eye protection. A large brimmed hat to protect the eyes from exposure from the top and sides is also a recommended addition for sunny days. It’s especially important for the light colored eyes.
Get a regular eye exam
To start off college with the right foot forward, it’s recommended to get a comprehensive eye exam prior to the start of the school year, especially if you haven’t had one recently. This way you can ensure that your eyes and vision are in top shape and, if you wear glasses, that your prescription is still accurate.
The last thing you want to worry about when getting adjusted to college is problems with your eyes and vision. It’s also recommended for students that are going away to another city to get a recommendation for a local eye doctor in case of an emergency. Most eye doctors know of colleagues located in other cities who they could recommend.
Just remember to think about your eyes because the better you take care of them now, the healthier eyes and vision you will have down the road. It’s one pair of eyes that will last you a lifetime.
Most college students have vision insurance. Most of our patients are Humber college students because of how close your campus is to the office. Check with your insurance or have our office at Dr. Pink Sidhu and associates check it out for you. We have student specials to make for an affordable and educational visit.
The Eye See Eye Learn program is an organization providing comprehensive eye exams and glasses to Junior Kindergarten children in certain school regions for free, courtesy of the participating sponsors (Nikon Lenswear and OGI). The eye exams are covered by OHIP, as are eye exams for any child 19 years or younger with a valid Ontario health card.
Eye See Eye Learn is a relatively new program in Ontario. The program provides comprehensive eye examinations to Junior Kindergarten children in certain school regions (including the Thames Valley District School Board). The eye exams are covered by OHIP, as are eye exams for any child 19 years or younger with a valid Ontario health card.
The exciting part of the Eye See Eye Learn program is that if the child in Junior Kindergarten needs glasses, they will receive them for free courtesy of the participating sponsors (Nikon Lenswear and OGI).
This program was developed to raise awareness among parents of the importance of having their children’s’ eyes examined upon starting school. Children who can’t see the board or focus on a picture or follow words in a book may struggle to achieve their full learning potential. Vision problems can also impact their social development and hand-eye coordination for physical activities. 80% of learning comes directly through vision.
Children who are born with blurry vision, due to high prescription or eye health abnormality, don’t know what “clear” vision is and wouldn’t know to complain of vision problems. Catching these problems early is key. The Eye See Eye Learn program aims to give Junior Kindergarten students the best start to learning.
To find out more about the Eye See Eye Learn program or to see if your school board is participating, visit: http://www.eyeseeeyelearn.ca or learn more about OHIP Coverage.
Beauty and Eye Products and Dry Eye
Six mascaras are sold in North America every minute. Parabens are found in mascara and often are associated with meibomian gland dysfunction. Creams applied around the eye and eye make up products can complicate dry eye. Wrinkle cream RETINA can cause dry eye and symptoms of itching, peeling, redness, and blepharoconjunctivitis in almost half the users. As well, preservatives such a BAK are found in cosmetics and lid cleaners and eyedrops. Even in small concentrations, it is toxic to the cornea.
Formaldehye releasing preservatives such as quaterenium 15 is found in baby shampoo, and it is best not to use it for lid scrubs. It’s also found in make up remover wipes and one should look to avoid these wipes.
Medications can dry your eyes out. Some popular dry eye culprits are prostaglandins, and these are found in glaucoma medications. These help slow down glaucoma and progression, but also promotes inflammation and dry eye disease. Studies show that 92% of Prostaglandin users have inflammatory meibomian gland dysfunction.
Accutaine is another popular medication primarily used by teenagers and young adults. Approximately 1/5 users experience ocular adverse effects including blepharoconjunctivitis, Keratoconjunctivitis sicca, and abnormal meibomian glands. Accutaine can cause permanent structural damage to the meibomian glands.
Come talk to our eye doctors to discuss makeup, eye products and get advice on your eyelid health, and dry eye symptoms, treatment and management.
Put your child’s eye exam on your back to school list!
Visit us at Pink Sidhu and associates.
It’s vital that the back to school checklist includes an eye examination. One in four school-aged children has a vision problem. Yet more than 80% have begun school without a proper eye exam. Many times a child is screened at school by layman folks for a vision screening. The “Passed “ mistakingly gives the false sense of security that the child’s vision and health are normal.
At times, we hear that the pediatrician or physical at a doctors office “ tested” the child’s eyes and indicated that the eyes and vision are healthy. However, you must recognize that this screening is not a comprehensive eye examination. Making it even more difficult is that children most often don’t complain about vision symptoms, even though there might be a serious problem such as a lazy eye. The reason for this is because children haven’t developed the awareness to identify what normal vision is and what it looks like.
Unfortunately, parents, with their busy lives, rely on their child to reach out to them about symptoms and problems and then follow up accordingly. It’s important to not fall into this trap. Children are incredibly adaptable and can mask their problems and not even be aware of it. Humans are built to adapt. Early childhood is a sensitive and critical time period for visual development. Missed, or overlooking eye conditions can have detrimental effects ok your child’s vision and visual functioning. A very common scenario is a lazy eye or refractive amblyopia in one of the two eyes. A child easily compensates with the good eye and picks up the slack for what the “bad eye “ isn’t doing. As a result, he/she carries on with his/ her daily activities without any symptoms or suggestions of any eye problems.
The on-looker/ ( often parents or teachers) won’t recognize an issue because at school that child’s performance or mobility in sports etc isn’t hindered. When enough time passes without intervention, the brain prefers one eye and binocular vision and other vision function skills never build up to their best potential. At times, it’s a permanent “ bad or blind eye “.The only way to know with certainty if your child has healthy vision is to have a comprehensive eye exam by an Optometrist. At Pink Sidhu and associates, we are welcoming your family and children for all your eye care needs. ￼
As a result of prolonged computer use, eye problems associated with the use of these devices is also on an incline. You may be suffering from computer vision syndrome if you spend two or more hours on the screen.
Symptoms may range from mild discomfort to blurred vision to headaches and shoulder and/or neck pains. The severity and length of computer vision syndrome symptoms depends on how long you stare at the computer, your posture, lighting, glare, the angle of the monitor, and whether or not you have other diagnosed or undiagnosed vision problems.
Our optometrist will test your vision, and assess your eyes focusing abilities.
From these measurements, we can design a treatment plan that’s right for you. Along with environmental changes, some optical devices may be able to provide you with the relief your eyes deserve.
Ensuring the desk space is well lit via ambient lighting, lubricating the eyes and blinking often will be helpful to alleviate or eliminate some symptoms. A simple pair of computer glasses with blue filters, or computer friendly contact lenses may be helpful. Great advances have been made in the treatment of these diseases.
If you thought the trickiest part of choosing a new pair of glasses was the frame selection, think again. You should be putting just as much thought and consideration into the lenses that you select for your new specs.
Here’s why: The quality and type of lenses in your eyeglasses will not only correct your visual acuity, but they will allow you to continue to see your best through various conditions. Whether it is keeping the lenses free from scratches, fog, glare or UV rays, or making them stronger or more attractive, your eyeglass lenses can help to keep your eyes safe and comfortable wherever the day (or night) takes you.
Here are a variety of coatings that you can apply to your lenses to maintain optimal vision and comfort and to protect your lenses and your eyes.
Anti-reflective (AR) also known as anti-glare coatings help reduce the reflections and glare on your lenses, improving your vision and comfort in high-glare environments, and the look of your glasses as well (you can see your eyes clearly without a reflection on the front of the lens). Reflections from the sun, television and computer screens and bright lights (especially when driving at night) can cause eye strain, headaches and difficulty seeing. AR coatings and lenses can reduce this effect, improving your vision quality and comfort in these circumstances.
Scratch Resistant Coatings
Scratches not only affect the smooth look of the surface of your glasses but they can disrupt your vision. A scratch-resistant coating adds an extra layer of protection on the surface of the lens to significantly reduce scratching. This coating is particularly great for kids who may tend to be a little more rough with their eyewear.
Ultraviolet (UV) coatings protect your eyes from harmful UV rays from the sun. This coating can turn standard lenses into UV blocking lenses that can block 100% of the UV light from entering your eyes. UV is linked to the development of a number of eye diseases such as cataracts, macular degeneration and retinal damage.
Particularly if you live in a cold climate, you may have experienced walking indoors from the cold and having your glasses lenses fog up completely. This can take a few minutes to resolve and can be dangerous if you are driving or need to see clearly. Anti-fog coatings will eliminate this effect, creating a smooth transition from cold to hot environments.
You may want to go with an upgraded lens to improve the look, strength or functionality of your glasses.
High Index Lenses
High index lenses have a higher refractive index which means they reflect more light than standard prescription lenses. What this means for you, the consumer, is that they can be made thinner and lighter than traditional lenses. High index lenses are particularly popular with those that need a high prescription as they are able to avoid thick lenses, adding comfort and a smoother look, but a higher price tag.
Trivex or Polycarbonate Lenses
Trivex or polycarbonate lenses are impact resistant lenses – a fantastic choice for sports and safety eyewear as well as standard sunglasses and eyeglasses for active types or kids. These lenses also offer full UV protection and are lightweight for optimal comfort.
Polychromatic lenses are made with special technology that turns them into sunglasses when exposed to sunlight. The lenses darken automatically when you go outside and return to normal when you go back indoors. Polychromatic lenses can come in a number of tint colors and are great when you need prescription sunglasses but don’t want to carry around or pay for another pair.
Aspheric lenses use advanced technology to create a slimmer, flatter and lighter lens than standard prescription lenses. While aspheric lenses can improve the appearance of any prescription lens, they are especially beneficial for those who are farsighted since those lenses tend to bulge out in the middle.
So the next time you are in the market for new eyeglasses, speak to your optometrist or optician about the best lens choices for your eyes, your vision and your lifestyle.